What’s the best meal plan for people with T2DM during Ramadan fasting?

Project specs




Dr Barakatun Nisak






This animation outlines the application of structured nutrition therapy including the use of a diabetes-specific formula for glycaemic control and dietary intake adequacy in patients with type 2 diabetes during Ramadan. The research was conducted by the Research Team from the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). The authors would like to extend their gratitude to the participants of the study, and the staff at the University Health Centre, UPM, for their support and collaboration.

Researcher Profile

Barakatun Nisak Bt Mohd Yusof, is an Associate Professor and a practicing dietitian in the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). She currently holds a position as a Deputy Dean Academic and Student Affairs for Health Sciences, UPM. She is also a research associate of the Research Centre in Nutrition and Non-Communicable Chronic Diseases, UPM and research fellow at Youth Well-Being and Social Health Laboratory, Institute of Social Sciences, UPM. She is also currently a council member of Malaysian Dietitian Association.

Dr Nisak received her PhD in Dietetics from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia before completing the Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at Joslin Diabetes Centre, Harvard Medical School in the field of Diabetes Nutrition. Broadly, her research aims to improve metabolic control and quality of life in those with type 2 diabetes, women with gestational diabetes and obese individuals. Within this framework, she has published various articles and book chapters including the Diabetes Nutrition Plan during Ramadan organized by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). She has actively involved with multiple stakeholders. She shared her experience with Ministry of Health, industrial partnership and professional associations in developing diabetes nutrition-related guidelines such as “Clinical Practice Guidelines for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes” and “Diabetes in Pregnancy”.

Other team Members include
- Wan Zul Haikal Wan Zukiman
- Zalina Abu Zaid
- Noraida Omar
- Firdaus Mukhtar
- Farah Yasmin Hasbullah
- Rachel Liu Xin Yi
- Agnieszja Marczewska
- Osama Hamdy

Restorative/regenerative building and operations

The RESTORE Action affects a paradigm shift towards restorative sustainability…